Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder that is characterized by cases of reduced breathing, or by abnormal fractures in the breathing pattern during sleep. Each pause between successive breaths is known as an “apnea” – a word derived from the Greek phrase “apnoia” which means”without breath”. In the case of breathing, pauses’ frequency is constant and routine. When the regular breathing pattern changes due to several reasons, and the intervals between successive pauses start becoming irregular, it leads to sleep apnea disease. Each irregular pause of breath is also referred to as “hypopnea.” Therefore, in the event of normal breathing, every interval or pause is termed as an “apnea”, while in the event of abnormal breathing it is termed as “hypopnea.”
Symptoms of sleep apnea
People suffering from the disorder often do not know they have it. Symptoms can ascertain whether the person is suffering from the disorder. The symptoms include:
Restless sleeping patterns
Choking or gasping during sleep
Feeling excessively tired during the day
Snoring frequently and loudly
Trouble in breathing during sleep
Other symptoms signaling a possible disorder are:
Reduction of memory
Difficulty in learning new things
Inability to concentrate for extended
Mood swings and/or personality changes
Dry throat when stirring
Frequent urination during the night
Causes of sleep apnea
The disorder generally occurs because of a fat buildup, or even a reduction of muscular tone, especially during old age. In this specific disease, the tracheal muscles (trachea is that the windpipe), the soft palate muscles at the base of the tongue, along with the uvula is the triangular-shaped small fleshy tissue hanging from the middle in the back of the throat) relax to a substantial extent and collapse throughout the breathing action. Basically, the windpipe becomes tight, or the windpipe’s layers stick which limits the flow of air to the lungs. The disease may also happen because of a malfunction of neurons controlling the breathing process. This sleep disorder can be diagnosed by an overnight polysomnogram evaluation – a sleep test that is utilized to detect associated issues and sleep disorders.
Effects of sleep apnea
Even though sleep disorder might seem to be common and not-so-serious, it may lead to some severe health issues. If left untreated, the disease can result in:
High blood pressure
Coronary Heart Disease
Chronic Heart Failure
Worsening of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Kinds of sleep apnea
There are three Kinds of sleep apnea:
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
Central sleep apnea (CSA)
Mixed sleep apnea (MSA)
Even though all 3 types of sleep disorders differ up to their causes and treatment are involved, one aspect remains common – a few pieces of the respiratory system narrow down and impair the percentage of oxygen reaching the subject’s lungs.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Your Dentist Can Help
Sleep Apnea is a condition brought on by a lack of air passage through to the lungs during sleep; it’s an incident that lasts for over 10 minutes. This deficiency of atmosphere results in a diminished equilibrium of oxygen levels in the blood, which results in oxygen deprivation of other body cells and the brain, known as Hypoxia. To be able to increase blood oxygen levels, a micro stirring is instructed by the brain and controls the body to reopen the airways. The person drops back to sleep, then wakes up for a while and starts breathing, often initially. Frequently, the individual has no memory of those micro-awakenings in the morning.
During sleep, the muscles of the pharynx (a part of the throat that sits beneath the mouth and nasal cavity) overly relax and obstruct the airway, which is what causes the Sleep Apnea episodes. Episodes may occur several times in an hour of sleep and some more than 10-15 episodes of Sleep Apnea within one hour is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. This syndrome divides the sleep of the night into hundreds of fragmented miniature periods of sleep, leading to the individual feeling tired as the human body’s systems have not had sufficient time to rejuvenate. The oxygen deficiency also affects a person’s metabolism, which is an Obstructive Sleep Apnea sufferer usually includes a headache and wakes.
As stated by the American National Sleep Foundation, Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome costs the United States over $100 billion yearly. This is a problem that is really common, but it is not highly publicized many men and women do not know of its presence.
When it comes to the treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, the golden standard is CPAP-therapy, which entails wearing a CPAP mask during sleep. Approximately 50 percent of individuals don’t enjoy CPAP-therapy for a very long period due to the nature of the CPAP mask. What’s more, CPAP-therapy is not recommended for mild and moderate forms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. What is the remedy for this?
Sleep Apnea Dentists Can Help Treat Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
Sleep Apnea Dentists out of Dentistry At Market Mall can help treat mild and moderate forms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome via dental apparatus, which can also be employed with CPAP-therapy for better results. The dental devices are simple to use, are streamlined, effective and affordable. The most important role of the devices would be to keep airways open to prevent the Obstructive Sleep Apnea episodes. These oral appliances have been used in medicine for almost 30 years and have always improved in technology through recent years. The most significant improvements have been comfort-focused on the look of materials and the device utilized in construction.
There are 3 common Kinds of dental devices worn at the mouth through the nighttime, and fitted by a dentist or orthodontist:
1) Tongue Retaining Devices (TRD)
These devices hold the tongue to ensure the airways have been kept open.
2) OPA Devices (Oral Pressure Appliance)
These devices lift the soft palate (the tissue at the back roof of the mouth) and hold the tongue in a sure spot to keep airways open.
3) The Mandibular Advancement Splines (MAS) or Mandibular Advancement Devices (MAD)
These would be the most frequently used oral apparatus for Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. Their role is to maintain the jaw in a forward position, thus allowing normal airflow and preventing displacement of the lower jaw. The warmth is restored along with the Obstructive Sleep Apnea episodes stop.
Modern Mandibular Advancement apparatus are independently made to the upper and lower jaws, and both are fixed to the jaws before bedtime. This system generates an opening of the airways when attached to the jaw. The portion of this system holds the lower jaw in a forward position at about 75 percent of the maximum forward movement. After two weeks of sporting this device, the patient undergoes a second re-examination in a sleep evaluation. If needed, the dentist can control the device by simply moving the jaw many millimeters to correct the issue.
The dental apparatus is tailored to each individual, as every mouth is unique. The methods used to guarantee the correct device is made and fitted include: Cephalometry (measurement and study of the proportions of their face and head ), computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, video endoscopy and lateral Cephalometry of the individual with and without the device into their mouth.
A dental apparatus is usually recommended in the following situations:
1) Mild or moderate types of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (episodes of Apnea less than 20 within a hour);
2) An individual’s unwillingness to use a CPAP-mask or undesirable consequences from using it;
3) An individual’s unwillingness to perform a surgical treatment or unsuccessful surgical treatment previously;
4) The patient is in a healthy weight range (BMI- Body Mass Index can be used to measure this);
5) Patient’s willingness to use the dental device each night.
Things to Think about Before Seeing a Sleep Apnea Dentist
Dental devices aren’t recommended in treating patients with Central Sleep Apnea Syndrome, as this kind of sleep Apnea is not linked to the narrowing of the upper respiratory tract, rather is it closely related to lung and heart issues.
For patients with severe kinds of Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome, the oral device is not sufficient, and these patients have been treated with CPAP-therapy.
There are also age limitations; oral devices aren’t suited to patients less than 18 years of age.
Diseases of the temporomandibular joint (the sliding joint which links to the jawbone to the skull) are very frequent among patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. However, there is no reason to discourage the use of dental devices. Studies indicate that side effects, such as pain in the temporomandibular usually expressed and only happen in the first phases of using the dental instruments.
Bruxism is a common disease among patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome. In such scenarios, the use of oral devices helps prevent abrasion of teeth and reduces the motor activity of the muscles during sleep.